Retroviral Structures

Viral Cartoons and Discussion


Milan Nermut, M.D., Ph.D.* uk

National Institute for Biological Standards and Control

Computer graphics by A.Davies

A diagram depicting a proposed standard for retroviral structural nomenclature is also available in PDF format. You can obtain the Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this document.


1. Nermut, M.V., Grief, Ch. and Hockley,D.J. (1993). Further evidence in favor of icosahedral symmetry in human and simian immunodeficiency virus. AIDS Res. Human Retrovir. 9:929-938.

2. Nermut, M.V., Hockley D.J., Jowett, J.B.M., Jones, I.M., Garreau, M. and Thomas, D. (1994). Fullerene-like organization of HIV gag-protein shell in virus-like particles produced by recombinant Baculovirus. Virol. 198:288-296.

3. Nermut, M.V., Hockley, D.J., Bron, P., Thomas, D., Zhang, W-H. and Jones, I.M. (1998). Further evidence for hexagonal organization of HIV gag protein in prebudding assemblies and immature virus-like particles. J.Struct.Biol. 123:143-149.